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CBSE Class 12 Biology syllabus is essential for board exam preparations. Referring to the syllabus will help you understand the curriculum for the Biology subject easily, helping you to maintain track of all the topics and chapters to be prepared for board exams. The syllabus covers the marking scheme of the Biology exam that can help you decide which topics to cover first and how to proceed with the learning. The syllabus also incorporates topics for practical examination, recommended books, and the internal assessment marking scheme for Class 12 Biology.

Class 12 Biology Syllabus comprises topics like asexual reproduction – binary fission, budding, sporulation, and fragmentation, vegetative propagation, pollination, the structure of the flower, seed dispersal significance, and fruit formation. You will also study the concepts of inheritance such as codominance, chromosomes, blood groups, and genes. You will learn about DNA, RNA, genetic code, gene expression, and how life originated and evolved. Other topics include how various populations live in particular habitats, ecosystems, and population attributes.

You can download the CBSE Class 12 BiCBSE Class 12 Biology syllabusology syllabus from the askIITians website easily for your employer. Along with the Class 12 syllabus for Biology, we also provide complete CBSE study matter. This includes chapter notes, revision notes, mindmaps, flashcards, mock tests, test series, assignments, and study planners. You can enroll in our live classes, where our experts will teach you all the basic to complex ideas in easy to understand language. Our study materials are completely based on the tardiest CBSE syllabus and exam pattern for Class 12 Biology.

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Chapter-wise CBSE Class 12 Biology Syllabus

The Class 12 Biology syllabus for 2021-22 comprises 5 units and 16 chapters. These units comprise 70 marks in total while 30 marks are allocated to practical examination and subjective assessments.
CBSE Class 12 Biology Syllabus.

Unit 1: Reproduction
Reproduction, modes of reproduction, sexual and asexual reproduction, pollination, flower structure, vegetative propagation in plants, male and female reproductive systems, reproductive health, birth control
14 marks

Unit 2: Genetics and Evolution
Principles of inheritance and variation, chromosome theory of inheritance, sex determination, Mendelian inheritance, inheritance of blood groups, the structure of DNA and RNA, DNA fingerprinting, evolution, biological evolution, central dogma, Lamarck’s theory of use and disuse of organs, Darwin’s theory of evolution, Hardy – Weinberg’s principle, human evolution
18 marks

Unit 3: Biology and Human Welfare
Human health and diseases, the immune system in human beings, vaccination, animal husbandry, parasites causing human diseases, plant breeding, single-cell protein, antibiotics, microbes in food processing, bio-gas fertilizers, bio-control agents
14 marks

Unit 4: Biotechnology and Its Applications
Biotechnology, its principles, and applications, genetic engineering, genetically modified organisms, human insulin, RNA interference, gene therapy, biosafety issues, applications of biotechnology in health and agriculture
10 marks

Unit 5: Ecology and Environment
Organisms and populations, habitat and niche, population interactions, ecological adaptations, structure and functions of the ecosystem, loss of biodiversity, ecosystem, conservation of biodiversity, national parks, wildlife, biosphere reserves, environmental issues, air pollution, radioactive waste management, solid waste management, ozone layer depletion, and deforestation
14 marks

70 Marks

CBSE Class 12 Biology Syllabus FAQs

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#1 Why is the Class 12 Biology Syllabus important?
Class 12 Biology syllabus is an important document that helps you in study preparation for the board exam. When you have a list of all the topics to be studied for the exam, you can build a study plan accordingly. The syllabus also helps you keep a record of all your learning progress. You can color-code the topics based on their difficulty or the questions that you have completed and are yet to be done. The syllabus also indicates the exam guide and the marking scheme for biology Class 12.

#2 What is the syllabus for CBSE Class 12 Biology practical examination?
The practical examination includes 30 marks in total. Students will be assessed based on one major experiment, one minor experiment, slide preparation, practical record, spotting, viva voce, and project record.

#3 How to prepare for the Class 12 Biology exam?
Read the CBSE syllabus for Class 12 Biology carefully and identify the exam guide and marking scheme.
Complete all the basic concepts and do not study any additional topics. Prefer reading only NCERT books.
Use flashcards to memorize important terms and diagrams, for instance, the structure of a cluster et cetera
Practice previous year board exam papers and sample papers to understand your areas of weaknesses and strengths in the subject
Take online CBSE coaching from expert tutors to understand all the typical concepts of biology and biotechnology with ease
#4 How can AskIITians help you to prepare for Class 12 Biology?
Download the complete syllabus for CBSE Class 12 Biology 2021-22 from the askIITians website and begin your preparations with our study resources. We follow the latest CBSE guidelines and exam pattern to create the best study resources for Class 12 Biology:
Chapter Notes, Revision Notes
Class 12 Biology NCERT Solutions
Online lessons, Live Classes, Pre-recorded Lessons
Previous Year Papers for Class 12 Biology
Mindmaps, Flashcards, Study Planners
Chapter tests, Unit tests & more!