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Difference Between Software Engineer and Data Scientist 

  • Data Scientists and Software Engineers both have a technical working arena. The significant difference lies where Data Scientists are more concerned about gathering and analyzing data; on the other hand, Software Engineers mainly focus on developing applications and related features that function to take care of the specific customer requirements.


  • Data Scientists need to learn more about Data Architecture, Machine Learning, and Analytics. They know how to convert humongous data into a usable form, whereas the software engineer’s learning is within the framework to deliver a high-quality software product.


  • Though both Data Science and Software engineering depends on Data, mathematics, and coding, data scientists mainly work with data and mathematics, whereas software engineers are more code-oriented.


  • Data Scientists are used to working upon Big Data to unearth the facts used by Organisations to generate revenue and develop or manufacture new products. Software engineers mainly develop the application or new features and functionalities within the applications.


  • Data scientists work to help in making good business decisions by processing and analyzing the data. Data scientists do data mining, a scientific method to ex knowledge or insights from data in various forms. Data worked upon can be either structured or unstructured, whereas software engineers mainly utilize their skills to make the product development process structured. Software engineers analyze the user needs and act as per the design.


  • Data is the primary source of Data scientists. Data scientists use different Data systems and platforms to make patterns out of data. Data scientists can gather data from Social Media (Facebook, Twitter, etc.), Transactions are done, Public Data Banks, Business Applications, Machine Log Data, etc. End-user needs are the driving source for software engineers. Software engineers use various programming languages and tools. It all depends on the software requirement.
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  • Data Scientists work by data extraction; Data Scientists focusing on data extraction and the hidden patterns have their analysis on top of the data. Data Scientist tasks are like Data modeling, Machine learning, Algorithms, and building Business Intelligence dashboards that end-users can easily understand. Software engineers work by gathering requirements from the end-users. A software engineer building applications and systems involve all development stages from gathering requirement, coding to testing, and review.


  • As this humongous Data is increasing day by day, there is a thought that data engineers also involve within the software engineering field. A data engineer shapes systems that retrieve and store data from the various developments done by software engineers. It’s an observation that software engineer applications are developed on the data gathered by data scientists that is the database originated.


  • Software engineers follow development rules to build the software. They follow a complete development lifecycle end to end by connecting user needs with the application installed. This life cycle helps the engineers to follow the path needed to develop software. As much as possible historical Data helps the data scientists to track the patterns and develop the dashboards quickly for the end-users, so they can use the Data for the business.


  • We can mark the use of data by data scientists while browsing through an application and searching for a product that suggests other products of the same type following our search. An example of a Software engineer’s work is designing a mobile app for banking transactions. Feedback from the customers has made the bank initiate the application development and, with time, make the changes in development according to the customer’s requirement.
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  • So, we can summarize that Data Scientists should know about building data products, use the data, and make the data visualization easy for the users to make decisions for their business’s betterment. Data Scientists should be well versed in data mining, machine learning, algorithms, coding, probability, and statistics. Software engineers should be able to analyze user needs and develop the software or to make alterations in the application as per business requirements. It is required for software engineers to know core programming languages like c, c++, java, etc., testing tools, build tools, configuration tools, web application tools, etc.

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Shabbir Ahmad

Shabbir Ahmad is a freelance enthusiastic blogger & SEO expert. He is the founder of Shifted Magazine & Shifted News. He contributes to many authority blogs including porch, hackernoon & techcrunch.